How to compute all solutions to a general system $Ax=b$ of linear equations and connection to the corresponding homogeneous system $Ax=0$. Visualization of the geometry of solution sets. Consistent systems and their solution using row reduction.
Homogeneous systems of linear equations; trivial versus nontrivial solutions of homogeneous systems; how to find nontrivial solutions; how to know from the reduced row-echelon form of a matrix whether the corresponding homogeneous system has nontrivial solutions.
In this section we specialize to systems of linear equations where every equation has a zero as its constant term. Along the way, we will begin to express more and more ideas in the language of matrices and begin a move away from writing out whole systems of equations. The ideas initiated in this section will carry through the remainder of the course.